Issue Brief: U.S. Arms Sales Trends, 2020 and Beyond – From Trump to Biden
by Elias Yousif and William Hartung
The Security Assistance Monitor's Latest Arms Sales Trends report find that U.S. foreign military sales (FMS) rose to an astounding $110.9 billion in calendar year 2020, an unprecedented surge in arms offers. The contrast with prior years is stark.
U.S. Arms Sales Trends: 2020 and Beyond from Trump to Biden
By William D. Hartung and Elias Yousif
After an unprecedented increase in Foreign Military Sales (FMS) in the final year of the Trump administration, the early months of the Biden administration suggest a change of course may be underway in deciding which nations receive U.S. weaponry – a change that could elevate human rights, observation of international humanitarian law (IHL), and long- term strategic concerns over narrow economic considerations. This report will explore this issue in the context of trends in U.S. arms sales in 2020 and early arms sales-related pronouncements of the Biden administration.
An analysis of insurgency in Mozambique, an islamist extremest group has continued to become more aggressive in their attacks on civilians, military instillations, and government forces. This week's monitor dives into the dynamics of how the government responds to the uprising and the economic impacts of such.
The Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced extensive periods of violence with a new wave of violence erupting in 2012. The Central African Republic Situation Tracker looks at background of the conflict, the key actors involved, the 2020 elections and the current situation in the country.
"From the 2010 Arab Spring to the 2019 Sudanese Revolution, African women were key in sustaining fights for democracy, justice, peace, and equality. Despite being at the frontline of revolutionary struggles across the continent, women continue to be sidelined and underrepresented in political transitions and post-revolution political processes. Although they have demanded inclusion in decision-making, barriers such as discriminatory political structures, entrenched religious values, societal taboos and patriarchal norms have inhibited their participation."
The East African country of Tanzania marks a historic first, with the death of President John Magufuli, the nation swears in their first female President, Vice-President Samia Suluhu Hassan. This weeks monitor delves into President Hassan's political career and her history making office.
Issue Brief: Inside the ICBM Lobby: Special Interests or The National Interest?
by William Hartung
Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) have been called “some of the most dangerous weapons in the world” by former Defense Secretary William Perry, because the president would have only a matter of minutes to decide whether to launch them in a crisis, increasing the risks of an accidental nuclear war. This Issue Brief summarizes the report by the same name and examines efforts by the Congressional ICBM Coalition and ICBM contractors to preserve and expand ICBM programs.
Report: Inside the ICBM Lobby: Special Interests or the National Interest?
by William Hartung
Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) have been called “some of the most dangerous weapons in the world” by former Defense Secretary William Perry, because the president would have only a matter of minutes to decide whether to launch them in a crisis, increasing the risks of an accidental nuclear war. This report examines efforts by the Congressional ICBM Coalition and ICBM contractors to preserve and expand ICBM programs.
This weeks monitor spotlights the historic inequalities inflicted upon women in the continent of Africa. In spite of organized movement promoting women's rights, "Africa continues to lag behind on progress towards gender equality. African women continue to bear the brunt of the economic and political crises in their countries as their governments make empty promises."
What is Pan-Africanism? History, Leading Figures, Current Landscape
by Temi Ibirogba and Sifa Kasongo
Pan-Africanism is the idea that people of African descent share a common culture, interests, and an overall collective experience while confronting similar problems. The core belief is that unity is necessary for economic, social, and political progress and for the people of African descent to reach their full potential.